If you want to use an optimal blackjack strategy, you must take into account the rules applicable to the specific table, and even minor changes may require the strategy to be changed. It is therefore not possible to recommend any "optimal blackjack strategy" without knowing the rules for the table before you start playing.
Below are some good examples of rules that affect what constitutes the optimal blackjack strategy. Therefore, before starting to use an optimal blackjack strategy, it is important to find out which table has been prepared for, because it will only be optimal at a table that applies the same rules.
- How many card games are used at the blackjack table to play at? Most commonly, one card game, six card games or eight card games.
- Is it allowed to give up their hand in advance to reduce their loss (surrender)? Exactly when in the game is this allowed? Some blackjack tables allow both early and late capitulation.
- The rules for when the dealer has to take a card and when she has to stay has a big impact on what is the optimal blackjack strategy. The dealer must take a card of 16 or less, and must stay at 17 or above, including soft 17, is common. However, there are plenty of examples of blackjack tables that apply other rules.
- Is it allowed to double and if so when? Do you get double on any card, or just at some points? Do you only get double on a hand consisting of two cards, or can you double later? Is dubbling allowed even after splitting?
- Are you able to split, and if so when? Is it allowed to split after splitting? Even for ace?
- Will the dealer give himself two cards right from the start, and check if it is a blackjack or not? This is common in the United States and unusual in Europe.
- What do you get for a blackjack? 3: 2 is the most common, but there are tables that have different rules, such as 1: 1, 6: 5 or 7: 5.
- Are there any special payments, such as extra money for those who get a hand of three seven?
- What happens to a draw? Most commonly, the player is allowed to keep his bet, but there are casinos taking your bet at a draw.
Read our full blackjack guide here.